Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Melilla (Mod. Ar. Mlīlya; Berb. Tamlilt, the white one; Med. Ar. Malīla) is a port city on the northwestern coast of Africa, today under Spanish sovereignty, but claimed by Morocco. It was probably founded by the Phoenicians under the name of Rusadir, alluding to a nearby cape. In the centuries that followed it was under Punic, Roman, and Visigothic rule and finally was incorporated into the Idrisid kingdom of Fez. It came under Fatimid suzerainty in the early tenth century, but in 930 it was taken by the Umayyad caliph of al-Andalus,ʿAbd al-Raḥmān III, who fortified it and put it und…

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Rica Amran and Sasha Goldstein-Sabbah, “Melilla”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0015050>
First published online: 2010

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