Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Monastir (Bitola, Manastir)
(1,822 words)

Situated in Macedonia in the western Balkans on the Via Egnatia route from the Adriatic coast to Salonica, Monastir (Turk. Manastır) was an important Ottoman administrative, military, and commercial center. Jews first began to settle in the town in the thirteenth century. The Ottomans conquered the region in 1381 to 1382, and it remained part of their empire until 1913. In the early years of Ottoman rule, the Jewish community of Monastir was predominantly Romaniot.  

After 1466, as part of the series of population transfers known as the sürgün implemented by Sultan Meḥmed II, many of t…

Cite this page
Yitzchak Kerem, “Monastir (Bitola, Manastir)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 08 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0015620>
First published online: 2010

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