Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(1,443 words)

The Arabic term mustaʿribūn designated people viewed as similar to, but not quite, Arabs. It initially differentiated “Arab” tribes from other tribes in the Arabian Peninsula, but was later applied to peoples elsewhere, especially non-Muslims, who spoke Arabic and partook of a culture identified as Arab. In a Jewish context, the term was generally applied to Arabic-speaking Jewish communities in the Middle East, especially those native to the region since the seventh-century Arab conquest.

The Arabic term mustaʿribūn (singular: mustaʿrib), its Hebrew cognate mistaʿrvim, and th…

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Jonathan Gribetz, “Mustaʿribūn”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 18 October 2021
First published online: 2010

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