Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Orléansville (El Asnam, Ech-Chelif, Ar. al-Shalif)
(257 words)

Orléansville (which became El Asnam and present Ech-Chelif) is a city in western Algeria, located about 200 kilometers (124 miles) southwest of Algiers at an altitude of 140 meters (459 feet), at the convergence of the Chelif and Tsirhaout rivers. The modern city was founded in 1843 by Marshal Thomas Robert Bugeaud(1784–1849) on the ruins of the Roman settlement of Castelum Tingitanum, and it was he who named it Orléansville. About half of its Jewish settlers came from Miliana, roughly 70 kilometers (44 miles) upriver. Jews played a major part in the town’s agricultural, …

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Richard Ayoun, “Orléansville (El Asnam, Ech-Chelif, Ar. al-Shalif)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000132>
First published online: 2010

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