Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Pizmon (-im), Pizmonim books
(890 words)

The poetic texts known as pizmonim (sing. pizmon) are a category of piyyuṭim, the genre of poetic Hebrew liturgical texts that embellish religious concepts. Piyyuṭim have been composed ever since the first century, and by the end of the first millennium some piyyuṭim were accepted and incorporated into the standard siddur (prayerbook). The earliest piyyuṭim did not rhyme, but poets such as Eliezer ben Kallir in sixth-century Byzantine Palestine occasionally used rhyme, and the technique was later perfected with the addition of meter by Andalusi poets such as Solomon ibn Gabirol, Mos…

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Mark Kligman, “Pizmon (-im), Pizmonim books”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0017700>
First published online: 2010

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