Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(2,362 words)

1. Ottoman Empire

“Protégé” is the imprecise term often found in Western diplomatic sources from the seventeenth century onwards to designate non-Muslim individuals who had an official connection to a European embassy or consulate in the Ottoman Empire that entitled them to some of the privileges codified in the Capitulations. In the nineteenth century, the term was also applied to groups, such as the Jews, after Great Britain proclaimed itself their protector throughout the Middle East.

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Mohammed Kenbib and Maurits H. van den Boogert, “Protégés”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0017880>
First published online: 2010

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