Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Qayyāra, Simeon
(826 words)

Simeon Qayyāra was a rabbinical scholar in ninth-century Iraq and the author of Halakhot Gedolot. He probably came from Basra, and his cognomen, Qayyāra, can be interpreted as “seller (or maker) of tar” (Ar. qār or qīr). He probably lived in the mid-ninth century, and the information about him given by Abraham ibn Da’ud in his Book of Tradition (Heb. Sefer ha-Qabbala) cannot be correct. The French and Ashkenazi tradition erroneously interchanges Simeon Qayyāra with Yehuday Gaon, attributing Halakhot Gedolot to Yehuday. In the late halakhic literature, Simeon is simply called baʿalhala…

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Roni Shweka, “Qayyāra, Simeon”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0018040>
First published online: 2010

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