Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(451 words)

Qum is a city in central Iran 150 kilometers (242 miles) south of Tehran. It gradually became an important Shīʿī center following the arrival of Shīʿī tribes in the early eighth century and by the tenth century was the most significant seat of Shīʿī learning. Shīʿī ḥadths praise Qum and endow it with honorific titles like Dāral-Muʾminn (Ar. abode of the believers). A factor contributing to the city’s holiness and attracting pilgrims was the tomb of Fāṭima (d. 816/17), the sister of ʿAlī ibn Mūsā al-Riḍā (d. 818), the eighth Imām (in later years Jews claimed that the…

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Daniel Tsadik, “Qum(m)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 08 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0018110>
First published online: 2010

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