Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Ryvel (Raphaël Lévy)
(361 words)

Ryvel was the pen-name of Raphaël Lévy. Born in 1898 in Tunis into a family of Galician origin that had lived for a time in Austria and then had settled in Gibraltar and Tunis around the beginning of the nineteenth century, Lévy was educated at the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) school in Tunis, then earned his teacher’s certification at the Ecole Normale Israélite Orientale (ENIO) in Paris. He became an AIU teacher and eventually the director of AIU schools in Tunisia and Morocco. In addition, he created the Popular Jewish University where he gave lectures on literary topics.

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Josiane-Elise Tubiana, “Ryvel (Raphaël Lévy)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000402>
First published online: 2010

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