Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Siman-Tov, Mullah Jacob
(171 words)

Mullah Jacob Siman-Ṭov, a member of one of the more distinguished Jewish families of Mashhad in Afghanistan, was born in Herat in 1850 and in his maturity became its chief rabbi. As the community’s spiritual leader and teacher, he advocated love of Zion and abandoning the bitter life of exile in favor of returning to the Land of Israel. In 1922, at the age of seventy-two, he left Herat by donkey for Palestine and settled in Jerusalem. He died there six years later, aged seventy-eight, and was buried on the Mount of Olives. His example persuaded many other Afghan Jews to follow, and the Jer…

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Ben Zion Yehoshua-Raz, “Siman-Tov, Mullah Jacob”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0016000>
First published online: 2010

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