Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Socialism, Socialists, Jewish Role in
(1,440 words)

Socialism is a social and economic doctrine that prefers public to private control of property and resources, according to the principle that everyone who contributes to production is entitled to a share in the profits. Socialism is considered to contradict capitalism, wherein private ownership and choices, as well as a free market, determine how goods and services are distributed. Jews were active in socialist movements in Ottoman Greece, North Africa, and Arab countries from the nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century.

In Greece, Jewish involvement in socialist movements i…

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Yitzchak Kerem, “Socialism, Socialists, Jewish Role in”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 29 January 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0020380>
First published online: 2010

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