Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Solomon ben Judah
(1,183 words)

Solomon ben Judah al-Fāsī was gaon of the Palestinian yeshiva from September 1025 to April 1051, the longest-serving gaon in Jerusalem. Despite war, famine, and major challenges to his leadership, he defended the jurisdiction of the Palestinian gaonate and kept Egypt under his firm hold throughout his tenure in office. Born to a Maghribī family, Solomon ben Judah was a prolific correspondent in both Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic. Although his letters dwell on his bad health to the point of obsession, when he died he was close to eighty years old.

The period in which Solomon ben Judah acced…

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Marina Rustow, “Solomon ben Judah”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 04 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0020450>
First published online: 2010

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