Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Sürgün (Forced Resettlement)
(340 words)

The Turkish word sürgün (expulsion, deportation) was mainly used in two contexts. First, it designated forced migration, or exile, imposed on dissidents either temporarily or permanently to maintain political stability in the place from which they were removed. Second, and more important with regard to Jews, sürgün designates the Ottoman population-transfer policy whereby large numbers of people were forced to relocate for strategic purposes.

Within the Jewish context, the most noted instance of sürgün concerns the repopulating of Constantinople, the new capital of the Ottoman …

Cite this page
Yaron Ben Naeh, “Sürgün (Forced Resettlement)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 28 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0020690>
First published online: 2010

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