Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(7,869 words)

1. Medieval

Geography and Nomenclature

In medieval texts in Arabic and Judeo-Arabic, Syria is called al-Shām. Geographical works of the period define the region as falling between the Euphrates River and the Mediterranean Sea north to the Taurus Mountains and south to the Gulf of Aqaba (modern Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the Palestinian territories, and Jordan), but in practice, the southern desert region was principally a thoroughfare for nomads and pilgrims …

Cite this page
Marina Rustow and Moshe Ma'oz, “Syria”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000251>
First published online: 2010

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