Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Tripoli, Lebanon
(676 words)

The Jewish community of Tripoli (Ar. Ṭarābulus al-Shām) dated back at least to the seventh century. The Arab historian al-Balādhuri relates that during the caliphate of ʿUthmān (644–655), the governor of Syria, Muʿāwiyya, settled Jews in the abandoned fortified harbor town of Tripoli. The community was small, and relations with the majority Sunni Muslims were amicable. During the persecution of dhimmis (see Dhimma) by the Shiʿite Fatimid caliph al-Ḥākim (996–1021), the synagogue was turned into a mosque. Documents from the Cairo Geniza show that Jews from Palestine found a r…

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Kirsten Schulze, “Tripoli, Lebanon”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 07 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0021610>
First published online: 2010

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