Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Tunis (Ar. Tūnis), a busy commercial hub and the capital of Tunisia, is located on the northeastern Tunisian coast overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. It is separated from access to the Mediterranean by Lake Tunis (Ar. al-Baḥra; Fr. Lac de Tunis) and therefore is served by the suburban port city of La Goulette (Ar. Ḥālq al-Wādī.). Known in Antiquity as Tunes (from Berb. encampment), Tunis was probably founded in the fourth century B.C.E. as a slightly elevated lookout post for the nearby city of Carthage, but it remained rather insignificant in the shadow of Carthage. The presence of Jews…

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Richard Parks, “Tunis”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0021670>
First published online: 2010

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