Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Turkish Republic
(7,354 words)


The dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire following its defeat in the First World War left a considerably reduced Turkey, defined by borders in Anatolia and eastern Thrace. These were guaranteed by the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1922) and confirmed internationally by the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. The Turkish Republic, established in 1923, had a Jewish community much smaller than that of the defunct Ottoman Empire and more isolated from other Jewish communities. The official census gives the following figu…

Cite this page
Jacob M. Landau, “Turkish Republic”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0021730>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: ISBN: 978900417678, 3925

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