Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(622 words)

Urmiya (Orumiyeh, Riżā'iye), a town in northwestern Iran, is the capital of the province of West Azerbaijan, adjacent to the Turkish border. Most of the town’s residents are Muslim Āzerī Turks and Kurds, with a sizable Christian-Assyrian (some Armenian) minority, and a small Jewish community that numbered about three hundred families in 1920. The town changed hands between Turkey, Russia, and Iran before, during, and immediately after World War I. The Jews suffered a great deal from pogroms perpetrated by the various armies and rebel forces during this period. Many began to emigrate, s…

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Yona Sabar, “Urmiya”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 06 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0021810>
First published online: 2010

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