Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Vital, David Ben Solomon Ha-Rofe
(486 words)

David ben Solomon Vital was an Italian rabbi, preacher, philosopher, and payṭan (liturgical poet). He was called ha-rofe (Heb. the doctor) even though he was not a physician. Vital was apparently born before 1492 in Calabria (Italy), and was among the Sephardi and Italian exiles who immigrated to the Ottoman Empire. Vital settled in the Greek town of Patras, but in 1532 fled to Arta, also in Greece, together with the majority of the city’s Jews, just before a Christian army conquered Patras. During the course of this hasty move, many precious manuscri…

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Leah Bornstein-Makovetsky, “Vital, David Ben Solomon Ha-Rofe”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0022030>
First published online: 2010

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