Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(682 words)

Wills are legal documents that dictate how a person’s assets will be distributed after his or her death. Although rabbinic law prescribes a strict order of kin succession derived primarily from the Bible (Numbers 27:8-11), the earliest rabbinic legal texts also permit individuals to use two basic types of will to transmit their property to both relatives and non-relatives in other ways. The first is a deathbed will that can be changed or voided if the testator recovers (alternately termed deyatiqi, from the Greek diathēkē; and, in Hebrew, mattenat shekhiv me-raʿ); the other is an irr…

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Eve Krakowski, “Wills”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 03 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000736>
First published online: 2014

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