(1,567 words)

Ziyāra is an Arabic word meaning "visit", and designates pilgrimage Muslims undertook to holy places, such as shrines of saints, founders of Sufi orders, descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, prominent scholars, and prophets. Apart from these, anything endowed with an aura of sanctity could be a place for ziyāra, like trees, rocks, wells, caves, and springs. This phenomenon dates to the eighth century, but it became more widespread from the twelfth century forward. As opposed to the Hajj, the official Muslim pilgrimage which all able Muslims must perform at least once in their lives, ziyā…

Cite this page
Mushegh Asatryan, “Ziyara”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage. Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emp_SIM_000117>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004181298, 20091023

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