Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

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Absentive
(3,847 words)

Absentive is a type of language construction that involves a finite form of the verb ‘be’ with an infinitive. Semantically, absentive can express a range of meanings, from the absence of the person referred to in the utterance (hence the name) to direction, duration, or stative interpretation. In Slavic languages, absentive is most widespread in Czech and Slovak (e.g., Byl jsem se koupat) and attested as normative in the grammars …

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Berger, Tilman, “Absentive”, in: Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online, Editor-in-Chief University of Kansas General Editor University of Chicago Associate Editors University of Kansas Brown University University of Amsterdam University of Warsaw University of Zagreb University of Mainz Stockholm University Marc L. Greenberg, Lenore A. Grenoble, Stephen M. Dickey, Masako Ueda Fidler, René Genis, Marek Łaziński, Anita Peti-Stantić, Björn Wiemer, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson. Consulted online on 03 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-6229_ESLO_COM_031970>
First published online: 2020



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