Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access

Absentive
(3,845 words)

Absentive is a type of language construction that involves a finite form of the verb ‘be’ with an infinitive. Semantically, absentive can express a range of meanings, from the absence of the person referred to in the utterance (hence the name) to direction, duration, or stative interpretation. In Slavic languages, absentive is most widespread in Czech and Slovak (e.g., Byl jsem se koupat) and attested as normative in the grammars …

Cite this page
Berger, Tilman, “Absentive”, in: Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online, Editor-in-Chief Marc L. Greenberg. Consulted online on 13 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-6229_ESLO_COM_031970>
First published online: 2020



▲   Back to top   ▲