Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

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Be and Have
(4,569 words)

The Slavic be (existential/copula) and have (possessive) constructions fall mostly within the familiar expectations of the Standard Average European (SAE) Sprachbund, where we find explicit verbal expressions for be (an overt copula) and have (a transitive verb for predicative possession), with the notable exception of various phenomena in East Slavic and especially in Russian, where we find a zero copula (Ø) and the expression of have in Ru u X-gen (estˈ) Y-nom [at X (there is) Y] ‘X has Y’ construction. (See Haspel…

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Clancy, Steven, “Be and Have”, in: Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online, Editor-in-Chief Marc L. Greenberg. Consulted online on 07 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-6229_ESLO_COM_032478>
First published online: 2020

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