Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

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Be and Have: General Semantics, Grammaticalization, and Alignment
(4,572 words)

The Slavic be (existential/copula) and have (possessive) constructions fall mostly within the familiar expectations of the Standard Average European (SAE) Sprachbund, where we find explicit verbal expressions for be (an overt copula) and have (a transitive verb for predicative possession), with the notable exception of various phenomena in East Slavic and especially in Russian, where we find a zero copula (Ø) and the expression of have in Ru u X-gen (estˈ) Y-nom [at X (there is) Y] ‘X has Y’ construction. (See Haspel…

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Clancy, Steven, “Be and Have: General Semantics, Grammaticalization, and Alignment”, in: Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online, Editor-in-Chief Marc L. Greenberg. Consulted online on 17 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-6229_ESLO_COM_032478>
First published online: 2020



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