Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

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Focus Particles
(8,083 words)

Focus particles, i.e., focus-sensitive language units, operate on contextually relevant alternatives. Regardless of their positional flexibility, in most cases they precede a rheme (focus). They impose no grammatical or semantic restriction on a language entity that takes the place of a rheme. The class is traditionally divided into four subgroups: additive (also  group), scalar (even  group), re…

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Kisiel, Anna, “Focus Particles”, in: Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online, Editor-in-Chief: Marc L. Greenberg, General Editor: Lenore A. Grenoble. Consulted online on 25 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-6229_ESLO_COM_032007>
First published online: 2020

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