Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle

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Julius Africanus
(694 words)


3rd century. Palestine, Italy. Julius Africanus, the "father of Christian chronography" (Gelzer), is the author of the first Christian world chronicle, originally written in Greek. The tradition according to which he bore the praenomen Sextus is late and unreliable (Suda A4647). Little is known about his biography. He originated from Palestine (probably Aelia Capitolina, i.e. Jerusalem, cest. 5,51), spent some time at the court of king Abgar VIII of Osrhoene in Edessa, and later lived in Rome (cest. 5,53f.). Various journeys in the Eastern part of the Roman Empir…

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Wallraff, Martin, “Julius Africanus”, in: Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, Edited by: Graeme Dunphy, Cristian Bratu. Consulted online on 23 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emc_SIM_01568>
First published online: 2016

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