Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Arabian Peninsula: Early 20th Century to Present
(2,406 words)

The formation of nation-states in the Arabian Peninsula (Oman, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia) and the Gulf (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and U.A.E.) was conditioned by the dominant mode of production in the pre-nation era, the social groups that figured prominently in the formation process, and the different historical legacy of imperial rule (Ottoman or British) experienced by these countries. Accordingly, two distinct areas can be demarcated: the coastal and the hinterland.

Historically, long-distance trade was the main econo…

Cite this page
Taminian, Lucine, “Arabian Peninsula: Early 20th Century to Present”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0029>
First published online: 2009

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