Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Arts: Performers and Performing Groups: Iran
(973 words)

Throughout Iranian history, the position of female musicians has constantly been challenged by conservative religious attitudes because of the belief that women and music have a great power over the minds of men. Female musicians, however, have been among the most important entertainers at courts from pre-Islamic times up to the beginning of the twenty-first century; their presence is well represented in Persian art and poetry.

While during the Achaemenid period (558–330 B.C.E.) female dancers, instrumentalists, acrobats and jugglers entertained guests at the bazm (feast) (Huy…

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Youssefzadeh, Ameneh, “Arts: Performers and Performing Groups: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0292e>
First published online: 2009

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