Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

Get access

Cities: Urban Built Environments: Iran
(1,132 words)

Since the rise of a distinctive urban culture in the Sassanid Empire (224–651 C.E.), the built environment in Iran has reinforced sexual differences, articulated assumptions about gender, and symbolically embodied gendered identities. Patronage allowed royal women like Gawhar Shad of the Timurid dynasty to exercise power by endowing urban institutions and shrines (Rizvi 2000). Women's physical presence in the city, however, was often restricted. As women were increasingly excluded from public spaces (especially…

Cite this page
Karimi, Z. Pamela, “Cities: Urban Built Environments: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0215b>
First published online: 2009

▲   Back to top   ▲