Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Cities: Urban Built Environments: Southeast Europe
(3,546 words)

During the second half of the nineteenth century, major Southeast European cities such as Sofia, Sarajevo, and Bucharest experienced an initially slow but sustained growth. Land constraints, first steps toward industrialization, increased trade, and the expansion of provincial administrations during the reforms introduced throughout the Ottoman Empire during this period contributed to this urban expansion. The development was accelerated w…

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Wimmen, Heiko, “Cities: Urban Built Environments: Southeast Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0215e>
First published online: 2009

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