Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Development: Non-Governmental Organizations: Gulf
(982 words)

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as defined by the World Bank, are “groups and institutions that are entirely or largely independent of governments and characterized by humanitarian or cooperative rather than commercial objectives… private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, or undertake community development” (quoted in Abdelrahman 2004, 41–2). The focus in this entry is on the relationships between women, gender, and NGOs in the Gulf.

Since the 1960s and 1970s, the growth in oil…

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Rizzo, Helen Mary, “Development: Non-Governmental Organizations: Gulf”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 25 September 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0222e>
First published online: 2009

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