Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Development: Non-Governmental Organizations: Sub-Saharan Africa
(861 words)

Women's Islamic non-governmental organizations (NGOs) fall within the overall definition of Islamic NGOs. They are voluntary organizations that perceive Islam as their main inspiration to do good and as an identity marker that distinguishes them from secular or other religious NGOs (for example Christian). Informed by Islamic tradition, the resource base of Islamic NGO practices include the following: zakāt (alms); kharāj (land tax); ṣadaqat al-fiṭr (an equivalent to a poll tax, which every Muslim must pay, except the absolutely poor, on the conclusion of th…

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Salih, Mohamed, “Development: Non-Governmental Organizations: Sub-Saharan Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0222j>
First published online: 2009

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