Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Economics: Industrial Labor: Ottoman Empire
(1,225 words)

Women in the Ottoman Empire had always worked. But the nature of their labors changed over the course of the nineteenth century with the introduction of industrial factories and culture. While there were many social and cultural ramifications from this, two emerge as the most notable. Working outside the realm of the family allowed women to establish relatively independent social networks and concomitant identities as workers. Moreover, their employment inside factories provided them with remune…

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Khater, Akram Fouad, “Economics: Industrial Labor: Ottoman Empire”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0233c>
First published online: 2009

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