Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Economics: Informal Sector: Bihar: 19th century
(5,581 words)


The interdependence of the agrarian and manufacturing sectors was a common feature of the village-based economy of precolonial India. Most industry depended on agrarian production, and village governance, through institutions such as the caste system, ensured a feudal system of mutual exchange between people engaged in agrarian and industrial production. In 1800, numerous handicrafts and othe…

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Anamika Priyadarshini, “Economics: Informal Sector: Bihar: 19th century”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_COM_002107>
First published online: 2017

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