Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Economics: Social and Welfare Policies: Gulf
(1,129 words)

Because women are not seen as the main economic providers in the Gulf region, state policies on women and work, along with labor laws, often allow sex discrimination; moreover, social welfare systems do not give men and women equal access to welfare benefits. This lack of equal rights and access to state resources often results in second-class citizenship for women (Kandiyoti 1994).

Female employment in Gulf states is low due to the complex interaction of such factors as the oil-based political economy, patriarchal family structures, state policies, and a …

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Rizzo, Helen Mary, “Economics: Social and Welfare Policies: Gulf”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0245b>
First published online: 2009

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