Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Education: Colonial: North Africa
(1,458 words)

Formal education in North Africa before the 1830 French conquest of Algeria was a masculine sphere, characterized by a network of largely urban Muslim and Jewish primary (kuttāb and midrash) and some secondary schools. Educated women existed, but tended to be the beneficiaries of private lessons in wealthy homes. The conquerors changed this landscape by seizing the pious endowments (ḥubus, French habous) that had supported the kuttābs, which in turn encouraged various European groups to step in and take advantage of the resultant cultural devastation. Missiona…

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Schreier, Joshua, “Education: Colonial: North Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0248d>
First published online: 2009

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