Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Education: (Early through Late) Modern: Iran
(1,762 words)

The twentieth century was an era of expanding educational opportunity for women in Iran. Previously, and throughout most of the modern period, whatever formal education was available was afforded primarily to males, in anticipation of their adult roles as their families' breadwinners, spokespersons, and political representatives. In Iran, as elsewhere, the gradual extension of schooling to girls was accompanied by sometimes small but still significant changes in adult women's economic and politi…

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Higgins, Patricia J., “Education: (Early through Late) Modern: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0251f>
First published online: 2009

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