Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Education: National Curricula: North Africa
(1,269 words)

In 857, Fatima al-Fihriya founded the oldest university in the Muslim world and one of its most prestigious religious institutions: the Qarawiyin in Fez. This initiative indicates women's keen understanding of the unique value Islam places on the production and pursuit of knowledge. However, it was over ten centuries before the first group of Moroccan women would graduate from the Qarawiyin in 1947.

On the eve of the national independence of North African countries, over 90 percent of the female population was illiterate. Enormous strides have been made in …

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Skalli, Loubna Hanna, “Education: National Curricula: North Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0252d>
First published online: 2009

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