Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Environment: Change and Natural Resource Extraction: Egypt
(957 words)

In Egypt the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the Nile Valley. Rural occupations are almost entirely devoted to agriculture, whether in the “old lands” of the traditional valley or in the “new lands” reclaimed from the desert. Over half the population is urban. The forms of environmental change are the issues of living in a crowded urban environment or in dense villages, combined with the increased use of chemicals in agriculture and in daily life. These forms of pollution include air, water, and noise pollution, inadequate solid and liq…

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Hopkins, Nicholas S., “Environment: Change and Natural Resource Extraction: Egypt”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 26 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0258a>
First published online: 2009

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