Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Environment: Change and Natural Resource Extraction: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria
(2,433 words)

This entry addresses the role of women, cultural traditions, and religious teachings in the environmental issues facing Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. All four countries suffer from water shortages (Saab 1998), soil erosion, loss of vegetation cover and cultivable land, declining biodiversity, deforestation, air pollution, and contamination of coastal areas and marine life. In addition, the mismanagement of resources and development projects, urban sprawl, population increase, and difficultie…

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Saliba, Gloria, “Environment: Change and Natural Resource Extraction: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 19 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0258b>
First published online: 2009



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