Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Friendship: South Asia
(1,152 words)

Like ripples of water hit by a pebble, the social life of Muslim women in South Asia emanated outwards from the center at a speed dictated by the Islamic ideology of purdah and its attendant concepts of ʿizzat (honor) and sharm (dishonor) on one hand, and embracing Western education and its concomitants on the other. Little is known about the social life of women in the early twentieth century. Literary and survey sources focus on the family and kin as sources for social relations. Women, especially sisters, functioned both as siblings and friends. Zeenat Futehally dedicated her novel Zohra

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Ghadially, Rehana, “Friendship: South Asia”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0082d>
First published online: 2009

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