Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Genital Cutting: Africa and the Middle East
(3,189 words)

Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a complex and a contentious issue. Even the use of terminology is controversial. The terms Female Circumcision (FC), Female Genital Operations or Surgeries (FGOs), Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Female Genital Cutting all refer to the same procedure. The United Na…

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Kassamali, Noor, “Genital Cutting: Africa and the Middle East”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 26 September 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0169a>
First published online: 2009

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