Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Health: Drug Use: Afghanistan
(923 words)

Only half a century ago Afghanistan was renowned for its orchards and grapes. At present, it is known for its opium (87 percent of world output) cultivated by nearly 9 percent of the population (UNODC 2006). Twenty-three years of conflict destroyed the country's economic infrastructure and eroded social and cultural values in the society. In a war-torn country lacking sound governance and strong economy, civilians opted to cultivate the opium poppy to survive under the protection of warlords who used funds to sustain their armies.


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Madieva-Martin, Maral, “Health: Drug Use: Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_00376a>
First published online: 2009

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