Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Human Rights: Indonesia
(5,895 words)


The Indonesian state is based on the ideology of Pancasila, literally meaning “five pillars.” Pancasila was formulated by Sukarno, the nation’s first president. Its principles are the belief in one almighty god, humanitarianism, nationalism, democracy guided by consensus …

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Setiawan, Ken, “Human Rights: Indonesia”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 28 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_001436>
First published online: 2012

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