Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Inheritance: Contemporary Practice: Iran and Afghanistan
(899 words)

Inheritance laws in both countries are based on the Sharīʿa. They assign females regardless of age precisely defined shares of an estate according to detailed genealogical considerations. These shares are always less than a male's of equal genealogical position. This “Golden Rule” is praised as a great improvement for women over pre-Islamic customs regarding property. Its inherent gender inequality is defended within an ideology of practicality: men need resources for their obligations to care f…

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Friedl, Erika Loeffler, “Inheritance: Contemporary Practice: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0094b>
First published online: 2009

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