Law: Articulation of Islamic and non-Islamic Systems: Caucasus and Turkey
(1,502 words)

A pluralistic legal system had developed in the Caucasus based on customary law ( ʿāda ), Sharīʿa, and state laws (Russian). This system was applied until the 1920s when Soviet power and law were established and all other legal codes were declared unlawful.

the caucasus

Pre-Soviet period

Until the 1920s, criminal cases were judged according to ʿāda , domestic cases according to the Sharīʿa, and other civil cases were subject to Russian law. The predominance of customary law in the Caucasus made it pos…

Cite this page
Babich, Irina, “Law: Articulation of Islamic and non-Islamic Systems: Caucasus and Turkey”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0106b>
First published online: 2009



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