Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Law: Articulation of Islamic and non-Islamic Systems: Iran
(1,035 words)

From the Safavid period (1501–1722) Iran has been a Shīʿī country and its law is based on the rules of the Twelver Shīʿa. Shīʿī family law differs only in some minor points from Sunnī law, for example, in the pronunciation of the phrase of repudiation by the husband, the right of male and female lines to inheritance after the distribution of the property as prescribed by the Qurʾān, and the validity of the so-called temporary marriage ( mutʿa , Persian ṣīgha, izdivāj-i muvaqqat ).

In the nineteenth century legislation and jurisdiction were mainly influenced by the rules of the …

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Schneider, Irene, “Law: Articulation of Islamic and non-Islamic Systems: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0106c>
First published online: 2009

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