Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Law: Criminal: Afghanistan
(435 words)

Afghanistan's legal system includes the Sharīʿa and the Penal Code; in most cases penalties are not gender-based although the code does refer to certain parts of the Sharīʿa, such as ḥudūd, qiṣāṣ , and diya. Afghanistan has capital punishment. Women's crime rate is very low and mostly family related. In Kabul, with a population of nearly three million, the women's jail has only 28 inmates who live there with their children. From 1992 to 2001 in the free northern provinces of Kapissa and Parwan, there was only one female execution and one qiṣāṣ (requested by a widowed mother whose daugh…

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Gross, Nasrine, “Law: Criminal: Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0107b>
First published online: 2009

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