Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Law: Customary: Caucasus
(1,028 words)

From the tenth to the nineteenth centuries, a dual system of customary law ( ʿāda ) and Sharīʿa developed in the Caucasus. The absence of a state system and state law favored the lasting preservation of ʿāda in North Caucasus. Three kinds of customary law can be distinguished: pre-reformation customary law (fifteenth to mid-nineteenth century), reformed customary law (second half of nineteenth to early twentieth century), and customary law of the Soviet and post-Soviet period (1920 to the 1990s).

The pre-reformation North Caucasian customary law can be described as an unwr…

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Babich, Irina, “Law: Customary: Caucasus”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0109b>
First published online: 2009

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